On our Africa tourism section today, we feature ten major rivers in Africa with amazing pictures for your eyes and detail about each of them when it comes to length, width, location, facts and other important information about these rivers. Have you been searching for things like the longest river in Africa? or largest river in Africa? The below piece is for you.
The Nile is the longest River in Africa and even in the World which flows through 11 African countries (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Egypt, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and South Sudan). The main outflow is Mediterranean and its total length is about 6,650 km, the Drainage area of 3,254,555 km2 with average discharge around 5,100 cubic meters per second.
Length: 6,650 km
Countries: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Egypt, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan
2. Congo River
The Congo river is one of the most famous and second longest River in Africa. For today, it`s considered to be the deepest river in Africa.
Facts: According to the latest measurements, the deepest point of this river is situated on the 220 m. The overall length of the river is 4,700 km. It`s the largest source of hydroelectric power in Africa. Moreover, it`s provides the biggest source for the agricultural activities.
Locations: This river goes through countries, like Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Cameroon and Angola.
3. Niger River
The third longest river in Africa. Moreover, it`s the eleventh longest river in the world. River Niger extends about 4,200 km. It flows through the countries, like Nigeria, Niger, Mali, Guinea, Cote d`Ivoire, Chad, Cameroon, Benin, Burkina Faso and Algeria. It`s one of the main transport rivers in Africa. You can find a lot of various animals, birds and fish on this river, for instance crocodiles, hippopotamus, catfish, Nile perch, carp. Most of the lands that surrounds this river are fertile. That`s why it`s one of the greatest places for agriculture
4. White Nile River
The White Nile is a river in Africa, one of the two main tributaries of the Nile; the other is the Blue Nile. The name comes from colouring due to clay carried in the water.
In the strict meaning, “White Nile” refers to the river formed at Lake No, at the confluence of the Bahr al Jabal and Bahr el Ghazal Rivers. In the wider sense, “White Nile” refers to all the stretches of river draining from Lake Victoria through to the merger with the Blue Nile. These higher stretches being named the “Victoria Nile” (via Lake Kyoga to Lake Albert), the “Albert Nile” (to the South Sudan border) and then the “Mountain Nile” or “Bahr-al-Jabal” (down to Lake No). “White Nile” may sometimes include the headwaters of Lake Victoria, the most remote of which being 2,300 miles (3,700 km) from the Blue Nile
5. River Zambezi – 2,693 km
It is the largest river in Africa that flows to the Indian Ocean. The basin of the river occupies the territory of 1,390,000 square kilometers. River Zambezi flows through the countries, like Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Namibia, Mozambique, Malawi, Botswana and Angola. This river is known for its famous waterfalls, like Chavuma Falls, Ngonye Falls and the most famous Victoria Falls. Did you know that this river has a spirit? The name of the spirit is Nyami Nyami. The locals believe that if you want to have good results from fishing on this river – you have to provide something to its spirit. The first European who had a pleasure to see this river was Vasco de Gama. He named this river – The River of Good Omens. On the very edge of the Victoria Falls – you can have a picnic in the Devils Pool. Surfing and Wave boarding are also one of the main attractions at this river. If you like fishing, then you will be amazed by the number fish species you can find there, like tiger fish, bream, Kafue pike and Vundu catsfish. Rafting is also another attraction which gather people all around the world.
6. River Ubangi -2,270 km
In terms of the longest and largest river in Africa, River Ubangi takes fifth place. The whole length for this water source is 2,270 km. It`s a major tributary of the Congo River. It forms the international borders between the Republic of Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It`s one of the main agricultural arteries for both countries. One of the major activities for locals on the river is fishing. Another great attractive feature of the river is Okoume trees. The main feature of this vegetation is the soft wood. The river also filled with birds and animals, like Fish Eagle, egret, pelican, lizards and crocodiles.
7. Orange River – 2,092 km
The primary water source is Thaba Putsoa located in Maloti Mountains in Lesotho and Orange River is the longest river in South Africa and plays the important role in the economy by providing water for irrigation and hydroelectricity, its drainage basin is 973,000 km2.
Countries: South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho
8. River Kasai – 2,153
It`s considered to be the sixth longest river in Africa. The total length for River Kasai is 2,153 km. It begins in Angola and forms the international border between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola. You can find the Mai-Munere Falls on this river. It has always been used as the vital potential for agriculture activities. Kasai goes through the territory which mainly consists of equatorial rainforests. It`s one of the main trade arteries in Africa. You can see various types of reptiles there. This river is one of the main habitants for crocodiles, snakes and tortoises.
9. Limpopo River – 1,800 km
It rises in central southern Africa and flowing into the Indian ocean, it discharges 170 cubic meters per second at its mouth with the drainage basin of 415,000 km2 in size, its main water source is Marico and Crocodile river which located in Botswana and South Africa border at the elevation of 872 meters.
Senegal River named after the country Senegal has 2 large dams along its course, the river has drainage basin of 270,000 km2 with a mean flow of 60 cubic meters per second at its mouth in the Atlantic Ocean.